Incidence and Healthcare Burden of Pertussis among Older Adults with and without Pre-Existing Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or Asthma in South Koreaopen access
- Chen, J[Chen, Jing]; Shin, JY[Shin, Ju-Young]; Kim, H[Kim, Hyungwoo]; Kim, JH[Kim, Ju Hwan]; Choi, A[Choi, Ahhyung]; Cheong, HJ[Cheong, Hee Jin]; Oh, YM[Oh, Yeon-Mok]; Guignard, A[Guignard, Adrienne]; Shantakumar, S[Shantakumar, Sumitra]
- Issue Date
- TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
- Adult; asthma; COPD; pertussis; South Korea; vaccination; whooping cough
- COPD-JOURNAL OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE, v.20, no.1, pp.126 - 134
- Journal Title
- COPD-JOURNAL OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
- Start Page
- End Page
- A retrospective cohort study was conducted to examine trends in the incidence and burden of pertussis among adults >= 50 years in South Korea, with/without pre-existing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma. The nationwide Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) database was used to identify patients >= 50 years diagnosed with pertussis (20092018). Mean annual incidence of pertussis per 100 000 persons and overall mean incidence rate ratios (IRR) were calculated for patients with pre-existing COPD or asthma versus those with neither. Incremental healthcare costs (all-cause and pertussis-related) and healthcare utilisation (number of outpatient visits, emergency room visits, and number and length of hospitalisations) up to 12 months after, compared to 3 months before pertussis diagnosis, were also measured for each group (matched on sex, age, and Charlson Comorbidity Index). Of 1011 pertussis cases, 175 had asthma, 96 had COPD (not mutually exclusive), and 796 had neither. Overall mean pertussis incidence was 2.5, 3.4, and 0.5 for adults with pre-existing COPD, asthma, and those with neither. IRR (95% confidence interval) of pertussis for adults with pre- existing COPD and asthma was 4.9 (4.0-.6.1) and 6.7 (5.7-7.9). Both COPD-pertussis and asthma-pertussis groups had higher mean incremental all-cause costs and length of hospitalisations than the general-pertussis group 3 months following pertussis diagnosis. In conclusion, individuals >= 50 years in South Korea with pre- existing COPD or asthma were at an increased risk of being diagnosed with pertussis and had higher healthcare resource utilisation than those without these conditions.
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- Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy > 1. Journal Articles
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