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정조의 朱子學 연구와 『朱書百選』 편찬Jeongjo’s study on the writings of Chu Hsi and the compilation of Juseobaekseon(朱書百選)

Alternative Title
Jeongjo’s study on the writings of Chu Hsi and the compilation of Juseobaekseon(朱書百選)
Authors
강문식
Issue Date
Mar-2020
Publisher
서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
Keywords
正祖; 『朱書百選』; 『朱子大全』; 選本; 君子黨; Jeongjo; Juseobaekseon(朱書百選); Jujadaejeon(朱子大全); anthology of the writings of Chu Hsi; the party of Kunja
Citation
한국문화, no.89, pp.39 - 69
Journal Title
한국문화
Number
89
Start Page
39
End Page
69
URI
http://scholarworks.bwise.kr/ssu/handle/2018.sw.ssu/40915
DOI
10.22943/han.2020..89.002
ISSN
1226-8356
Abstract
Jeongjo evaluated the writings of Yi Hwang and Song Si Yeol as the most important core of the study on the writings of Chu Hsi in Joseon dynasty. And he also had a relatively accurate understanding of other scholars’ research. about the writings of Chu Hsi. Jeongjo had a plan to make a compilation of Jujajeonsoe(朱子全書) and include the research results of Joseon scholars in Jujajeonsoe. This shows that Jeongjo highly evaluated the level of Joseon scholars’ research on the writings of Chu Hsi. Jeongjo’s research on the writings of Chu Hsi was began in 1767 when he was in his mid teens. At that time he studied Jujadaejeon(朱子大全), the collection of Chu Hsi’s works. And from his twenties, Jeongjo compiled several anthologies of the writings of Chu Hsi. His study of the writings of Chu Hsi since 1767 provided the basis for the compilation of the anthologies. Jeongjo selected 100 of Chu Hsi's most important letters from Jujaseojeolyo(朱子書節要) written by Yi Hwang and compiled an anthology named Juseobaekseon(朱書百選). Jeongjo wanted to use Juseobaekseon as a textbook for Chogye-munshin and students of Confucianism. For this purpose he confirmed the oral formula graph of Juseobaekseon. And in 1800 Jeongjo distributed this book throughout the country for encouraging scholars to learn Juseobaekseon. We can sum up three points that Jeongjo emphasized through Juseobaekseon. First Jeongjo criticized the problems of other learnings excluded Neo-Confucianism for protecting Neo-Confucianism as a orthodox learning. Second, Jeongjo agreed to Chu Hsi’s theory of political faction. It means that Jeongjo’s theory of impartiality have something to do with Chu Hsi’s theory of political faction as the construction of the party of Kunja. Third, He emphasized the assisting of King to the right way as the responsibility of the Chancellor.
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