Boron-doped amorphous carbon deposited by DC sputtering for a hardmask: Microstructure and dry etching properties
- Kim, Sungtae; Kim, Ung-gi; Ryu, Jinseok; Kim, Dokyun; Kim, Miyoung; Joo, Young-Chang; Lee, So-Yeon
- Issue Date
- APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, v.637
- Journal Title
- APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
- Boron-doped amorphous carbon (a-C) films have been investigated as a hardmask material for improving semiconductor integration, deposited using direct current (DC) magnetron sputtering with varying boron concentrations. Increased boron doping concentration in a-C led to a higher etch resistance but also resulted in the gradation of etch resistivity in the depth direction of the film, as confirmed by a continuous dry etching process. Scanning transmission electron microscopy electron energy loss spectroscopy showed an increase in the sp3 ratio of the film owing to boron doping as well as gradation in the B K edge region of a film doped with a high concentration of boron. This is because the high reactivity between boron and oxygen results in the reaction of residual oxygen in the chamber with boron. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry was used to evaluate the penetration resistance to fluorine ions in the dielectric etchant. The results confirmed that B-O bonding resulted in relatively low fluorine resistance. Boron bonded with carbon can significantly improve the dry etch performance; however, bonding with oxygen needs to be effectively controlled to realize desirable film properties. Overall, this study demonstrates the potential of boron-doped a-C films as a hardmask material for the semiconductor industry.
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- Department of Materials Science and Engineering > 1. Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.